Friday, November 15, 2019
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Regional context

When we analyze the regional context must emphasize that the Province of Misiones, and in particular the city of Posadas, are on one of the main axes of the Initiative for Regional Infrastructure Integration in South America (IRSA).

This initiative is a drive sponsored by the governments of the region to the regional efforts for the physical integration of South America. This initiative began in late 2000 with the participation of 12 countries in South America, and has become the main forum for advancing South American process of the region's physical articulation.

IRSA is working on eight Integration and Development axes, being the axis of Capricorn (Sao Paulo-Porto Alegre-Asuncion-Jujuy, Posadas-Antofagasta), one of its major developments.

The Axis of Capricorn is composed of the northern region of Argentina, the state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil, the northern region of Chile, and South Western region of Paraguay. It has an area of 1.8 million km2 and a population of 24.5 million.

This axis of integration and development seeks to promote the multimodal transport advantages it offers, as it has railways, river transport and port infrastructure to handle bulk cargoes and containers.



The Axis road network through significant natural barriers such as the Andes, the rivers Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Parana and Uruguay. One challenge to overcome is the concentration of traffic flows through a small number of bridges and interconnection between countries, which limits the exchange. It is estimated that 70% of trade between the countries belonging to the waterway is by this river system that make up the Paraguay, Parana and Uruguay.